备考托福口语 熟知外国人经常说的40个俚语

共有人看过 发布于2021-06-11 10:48:31

1

Be in the air

将要发生的事情

The feeling or idea that something new is about to happen or is going to change.

Example: From the arguments going on at the meeting, it seems that a change in policy is in the air.

2

Clear the air

消除误会

To settle a dispute and restore good relations

Example: We had a meeting with the workers, and I think we’ve cleared the air now.

3

Cost an arm and a leg

极其昂贵

To be very expensive

Example: I love that fur coat. However, I don’t think I’m going to buy it because it costs an arm and a leg.

4

A bad egg

缺乏道德的人

Somebody who has no moral principles and should be avoided

Example: You mustn’t lend Tim money, he’s a bad egg. You’ll never see him or your money again!

5

In the Bag

稳操胜券

Said of an achievement which is secure

Example: We have the deal in the bag. The client came in this morning to sign the agreement.

6

In the balance

未知的,不可预测的

Said when the outcome of a situation is unknown or unpredictable

Example: His career as a pilot is in the balance, as his eyesight does not seem good enough.

7

Drive a hard bargain

极力讨价还价

To have the negotiating strength and skills to get the most advantageous price and conditions

Example: Amanda is negotiating the best price from the suppliers. She drives a hard bargain.

8

Ring a bell

看上去或听起来非常熟悉

To look, sound or seem familiar

Example: That face rings a bell, where have I seen him before?

9

Tighten one

s belt

节衣缩食

To cut down on spending because there is less income than before

Example: Now you are out of work, you’ll have to tighten your belt and give up buying new clothes and going out so often.

10

Kill two birds with one stone

一石二鸟

To complete two tasks together, with less effort than doing them separately

Example:Since I’d gone to the store to buy some bread, I thought of killing twobirds with one stone and invited Mr. Biggs to the party.

11

Be in a black mood

情绪极差

To be so negative abo

ut everything that it is impossible for anyone to reason with him/her

Example: My father has been in a black mood for days, we dare not say anything to him.

12

New blood

新成员

New people brought into an organization to introduce different and original ideas

Example: It was decided to bring new blood into the school by employing teachers with the latest training.

13

Feeling blue

感到无精打采

Feeling sad or depressed

Example: She’s feeling blue, because the man she loves is far away.

14

Get to the bottom of something

弄清真相

To find out the truth about something

Example: I’m trying to get to the bottom of why David left without saying goodbye.

15

A piece of cake

轻松的事

Something which is very easy to do

Example: Here…let me put the batteries in for you. It’s a piece of cake.

16

Pay a call

拜访

To visit somebody

Example: As we’re in this neighborhood, we might as well pay the Jacksons a call, we haven’t seen them for ages.

17

By chance

偶然,意外的

Unexpectedly; with no prior planning

Example: By chance, I bumped into my wife in the shopping mall

18

Round the clock

夜以继日的

To do something continuously, without a break or pause

Example: The ambulance services worked round the clock hauling people trapped in the building to safety.

19

Keep one

s cool

保持冷静

To stay calm in a difficult situation

Example: If the traffic is jamed, the only thing to do is keep your cool, or get out of the car and walk!

20

In a tight corner

处于困境

In an extremely difficult situation

Example: Whenever I get into a tight corner, I try to rely on quick thinking to get out of it.

21

Keep in the dark

隐瞒

To keep something secret

Example: We know my brother has a new girlfriend, but he’s keeping her name in the dark.

22

Fall on deaf ears

不加理睬的

,

不听取

Not to take any notice of what is said

Example: The city council’s order that garbage should be put in the bins fell ondeaf ears; the sidewalks are still littered with trash!

23

Take things easy

放轻松

To relax

Example: It’s better for our health to take things easy than to worry about problems all the time.

24

Eat like a horse

吃得很多

To eat a lot; to have a very big appetite

Example: Fred eats like a horse. When I was a growing lad like him, I used to eat a lot, too.

25

Catch one

s eye

吸引某人注意

To attract somebody’s attention

Example: A movement behind the curtain caught my eye – I thought it was a burglar and rushed out of the room!

26

Have an eye for something

对某事(某物体)了解得非常清楚

To be very good at doing something, or have a great understanding of something.

Example: As a botanist, he has to describe and draw plants accurately, so he must have an eye for detail.

27

Turn a blind eye

熟视无睹

To ignore an action, even though one should do something about it

Example: Parents will spoil their children if they constantly turn a blind eye to their bad behavior.

28

Keep an eye on

照看,密切注视

To watch carefully; to look after

Example: Keep an eye on my purse – I’m just going to the bathroom.

29

Lose face

丢脸

To have one’s reputation spoiled; to be embarrassed

Example: The large drug houses have lost face, because smaller companies are selling similar products at a cheaper price!

30

Lead the field

处于领头地位

To be the most successful person or group in an activity

Example: For decades, the House of Dior led the field in elegant fashion design.

31

Get out of hand

失去控制

To be out of control

Example: The problem of suicide bombings is getting out of hand; there seems to be no way to stop them.

32

Give a hand

提供帮助

To help somebody with something

Example: Please give me a hand and hold this board while I paint it.

33

Learn by heart

牢记

To memorize something; to have learned something word for word or very precisely.

Example: At school we often learned Shakespeare’s sonnets by heart and recited them in front of the class.

34

On hold

尚未办理的事情

Something set aside and waiting to be dealt with

Example: Our vacation plans are on hold right now; because my Dad’s just been admitted to hospital with a stomach ulcer.

35

A dark horse

出乎意料的嬴家

An unexpected winner.

Example: A dark horse in this year’s basketball cup was Japan!

36

The bottom line

本质内容

The most essential part of something

Example: We’ve talked a lot about taxation and immigration, but the bottom line is that we have to create more jobs.

37

Live it up

狂欢一场

To enjoy a high standard of living and lead a carefree life

Example: The neighbors having been living it up ever since they won the sweepstakes.

38

Look forward to

期待着

To relish some future prospect; to eagerly await meeting somebody.

Example: You can tell Jake is looking forward to his vacation – he keeps tellingus how many days there are left until he finishes college.

39

Bear in mind

记住

To remember something which can be of help in the future.

Example: Before you start your perspective drawing, bear in mind you should first establish a vanishing point.

40

Have a mind to

想做某事,计划做某事

To be decided on; to intend to

Example: The service in our hotel was terrible. I have a mind to write a letter of complaint.

外国人, 托福

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